Linguistique et Langues Africaines (LLA) is an international, open-access, double-blind peer reviewed journal devoted to the study of African languages and linguistics.


Aim and scope

The journal Linguistique and Langues Africaines (LLA) was founded in 2015 and is published by LLACAN, a joint research unit of the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and INALCO University.

LLA provides a forum for linguists working on the phonology, morphology, syntax, pragmatics and semantics of African languages. The main purpose of LLA is to enlarge our knowledge and understanding of the enormous linguistic diversity in Africa, much of which is still sparsely documented. Contributions to LLA are expected to be data-driven (e.g. primary data from fieldwork or other corpus data), and the discussion of theoretical issues is appreciated to the extent that it helps to elucidate the data and remains accessible to persons that are not specialists in the relevant theory. All major theoretical frameworks are equally welcome. We are also interested in historical-comparative, areal linguistic and ethnolinguistic contributions.

We publish articles, notes from the field and book reviews in English or French. Authors willing to submit in another language are invited to contact the editors. After submission, articles will undergo a double-blind peer review by external experts different from those on the editorial committee.


Submission guidelines

Please send article submissions to llafrique@cnrs.fr. Articles that are under active consideration with another journal or another publication outlet may be not submitted..

Each article should include an abstract and 5 keywords in English, French and, if necessary, in the language of the article. The word limit for notes from the field and book reviews is 20,000 characters and 10,000 characters, respectively.

Please submit an anonymized version of the article both as a doc and pdf file (Please contact us if you prefer to submit a LaTeX file).


Bibliographical references

Use the author-year schema for in-text and footnote citations. Provide an alphabetically ordered list of bibliographical references at the end of the article. List only and all works that are cited in the paper. Some examples of references are the following:

Book: Baker, Mark C., 1988, Incorporation: A Theory of Grammatical Function Changing, Chicago, University of Chicago Press. — In-text citation: Baker (1988).

Book, collective work: Sitoe, Bento & Armindo Ngunga (ed.), 2000, Relatório do II Seminário sobre a padronização da ortografia de línguas moçambicanas, Maputo, Editora escolar. — In-text citation: Sitoe & Ngunga (2000).

Book, conference proceedings: Bechhaus-Gerst, Marianne & Fritz Serzisko (ed.), 2007, Cushitic and Omotic, Papers from the International Symposium on Cushitic and Omotic Languages, Cologne, Jan. 6-9, 1986, Hamburg, Buske. — In-text citation: Bechhaus-Gerst & Serzisko (2007).

Book, multi-status multiple authorship: Kießling, Roland (with the contrib. of Bong Marcellus Wung), 2011, Verbal Serialisation in Isu (West-Ring) ―a Grassfields Language of Cameroon, Cologne, Köppe. — In-text citation: Kießling (2011).

Book, edition different from the first: Shopen, Timothy (ed.), 20072 [1985], Language Typology and Syntactic Description 3: Grammatical Categories and the Lexicon, Cambridge, CUP. — In-text citation: Shopen (2007).

PhD dissertation: Rugemalira, Josephat, 1993, Runyambo Verb Extensions and Constructions on Predicate Structure, PhD dissertation, Berkeley, University of California Berkeley. — In-text citation: Rugemalira (1993)

Master’s thesis: Kaajan, Marianne, 2012, The Verbal System of Sangu, a Bantu Language from South-West Tanzania, Master’s thesis, Leiden, Universiteit Leiden. — In-text citation: Kaajan (2012).

Article in journal: Cuervo, María Cristina, 2015, Causatives without a cause, Syntax 18, 4: 388 424. — In-text citation: Cuervo (2015)

Book chapter: Mchombo, Sam A., 2007, Argument binding and morphology in Chichewa, in Frederick Hoyt, Nikki Seifert, Alexandra Teodorescu & Jessica White (ed.), Morphosyntax of Underrepresented Languages, Stanford, CSLI. — In-text citation: Mchombo (2007)

Conference paper: Fogwe-Chibaka, Evelyn & Pius Akumbu, 2012, Unreleased final consonants in Bezen, Paper presented at the DoBeS Workshop, Nijmegen, July 6, 2012. — In-text citation: Fogwe-Chibaka & Akumbu (2012)

Webpage: Kleinewillinghöfer, Ulrich, 2015, Samba Duru Languages. Online: https://www.blogs.uni-mainz.de/fb07-adamawa/adamawa-languages/samba-duru-group/samba-duru-languages (Last access: 15 October 2019). — In-text citation: Kleinewillinghöfer (2015).

Unpublished manuscript: Ebner, Elzear, 1939, Kisutu Grammatik. Mission Magagura, Tanganyika, Unpublished manuscript. — In-text citation: Ebner (1939).